History 104A, November 30: Three for the Price of One!
I have decided to give us a little James Burke again, so we have
a multimedia session, two days if you will in a row or at least two
meetings in a row. I hadn't really anticipated doing the one on the
centers, but I just bought it and I really did like it. It obviously
gets us into Martin Luther and the reformation. What I wanted to
identify again for you -- and it did come out in the film -- of the
areas that I identified that make renaissance, how was Martin Luther a
renaissance man? A typical renaissance man? Tough one, huh? The
answer really lies in the sense of individuality, the sense that the
individual can achieve what they will. And what's the ultimate
achievement the individual can make? Salivation, I guess, for some.
So remember, starting with the Wycliffe and Hus or however he
pronounced it -- I'm used to Hus. And then of course being pushed by
Martin Luther, the whole point being what we have then is the belief
that individuals can achieve salivation without the need of
intermediaries, that by reading the Bible you can find Christ. And by
finding Christ, you will do good works and good deeds and you don't
need to talk to statutes of saints nor do you need to buy indulgences
or an intermediary in the sense of a priest. Men can do all things if
they will. Martin Luther had the personality as well as in the sense
of braggadocio in promoting himself. He did an excellent job of
using, as it was indicated, the printing press. The vernacular
becomes important. Vernacular means the native languages. Throughout
the middle ages, the language used in mass and everywhere else was
Latin. Now, with the reformation, the native language becomes used.
Translation, Martin Luther translates the Bible to German and later
on, of course, the Bible is translated into English and the definitive
quote/unquote version in 1603 or somewhere in that time is translated
into English. So again, that whole sense of worldliness, this world
tied to individual salivation becomes very important to the
And we'll also identify how Christopher Columbus or Colon,
meaning Christ the colonizer. Now, that's the height of braggadocio,
take the name Christ the colonizer, not bad if you're going to brag
about yourself. And of course men can do all things if they will, go
out there and see the world, search the world. Forget about the flat
Earth and the sea monsters, which most scholars knew at least the flat
Earth didn't exist. We'll get into that a little later as well.
I just wanted to sort of tie that together in that sense of the
meaning, even though they're different periods often in history,
renaissance reformation, age of exploration, they really do tie
together. And they're, of course, within the same date period that
The exam is coming close. I think we have only three more BS
lessons left by me to go. Next week, Wednesday, you are terminated
here. And then you will terminate on, is it Monday, from 9:30 to
11:30, that your exam is scheduled, if you will, correctly. And it
will be in this room. That means that sometime next week I should
give you a take-home question that I will have to work out. Any
questions before I proceed to today's video? All right.
Always tough in the morning to watch a film, but I always enjoy
it because we never had any technology, technological learning in
history and it really gives you a little of that background. Okay.
So explore for the rest of the day and we'll see you Friday.